With a baby cured of HIV and breakthroughs in dementia, it’s been a year where two of the great scourges of our time have been put on the back foot.
Meanwhile a vision of the future of medicine has emerged, with scientists growing miniature organs -including brains – and performing the first steps of human cloning.
BBC health and science reporter James Gallagher reviews the year in medical science.
HIV baby cure
One of the most remarkable stories of the year was a baby girl in the US seemingly being “cured” of HIV.
Her mother had an uncontrolled HIV infection and doctors suspected the baby would be infected too, so they decided to give antiretroviral drugs at birth.
Normally the drugs hold the virus in check, but the very early treatment seems to have prevented HIV taking hold.
The baby is now three, has been off drugs for…
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